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Most of us focus primarily on the purification of the water that we drink or use for cooking purpose. But we rarely pay attention on the cleaning of water tank where water is stored. Every day we use the tank water for brushing and bathing, for cleaning and moping, for washing clothes and in other household chores. With the passage of time, sediments, scale and algae get deposited on the walls, ceiling and floor of the water tank. This deposition contaminate the water and makes it unfit for use. With time algae and bacteria grow and breed in this water, infect it and could make us fall sick eventually. It simply means that our ignorance may take a toll on the health of our family.


The basic steps involved in water tank cleaning are:

Step 1: The area surrounding the tank and top of the tank is cleaned

Step 2: Tools used in tank cleaning process are disinfected

Step 3: Water and sludge is drained out from the tank using a sludge pump

Step 4: Walls, ceiling and floor of the tank is washed using a high pressure jet

Step 5: Vacuum cleaning is done to ensure that all the dirt is sucked out

Step 6: Vacuumed tank is disinfected with anti-bacterial spray or liquid bleach

Step 7: Water from the tank is drained through the taps and tank is left empty for drying

Step 9: Tank is clean and ready to be filled with water for domestic use

There’s nothing like relaxing on beautifully clean decking. Check out this article for tips on how to get rid of strains and dirt on your patio.

You’ll need:

  • Either a dedicated patio cleaner or bleach. Although specialist patio cleaners are widely available, they are not always necessary. If your patio is made of a stone that has particular requirements, stick with a specialist cleaner, or use soda crystals rather than bleach to avoid discoloration or damage. Bleach is generally safe to use on tougher surfaces, such as concrete.
  • A hose to rinse the patio before and after cleaning.
  • A broom (optional) to brush down the area before and after cleaning.
  • A stiff brush to give the whole area a vigorous scrub.
  • A pressure washer to dislodge stubborn dirt (optional).
  • Some thick gloves and eye protection. Patio cleaners and bleach are both strong chemicals, and may harm your skin and eyes if used incorrectly. If you’re using a pressure washer, eye goggles are a must.

How to Clean Your Patio

The first step in patio cleaning is preparation: remove any objects from the surface or the patio, then, mix your chosen cleaning product (check the label – generally one cup of bleach, cleaner, or soda crystals) with a bucket of hot water. Once you’ve done this, you’re ready to start:

  1. Hose down the whole area first. Even if you haven’t secured a pressure washer, this will make the whole process somewhat easier.
  2. Using a stiff brush, thoroughly scrub down the entire patio area with your cleaning solution.
  3. Leave for five to ten minutes and then vigorously rinse the surface with your hose, or pressure washer.
  4. Protect your flowerbeds. Take care not to let any of the cleaning solution spill over onto lawns or flowerbeds: many of the products suitable for this type of cleaning will kill grass and flowers – although the chemicals do help to remove weeds from between your patio stones!

How to Clean Your Decking

Decking requires specific attention, as wood often becomes discoloured and damaged much more quickly than stone. Commercial deck cleaners can generally be substituted with bleach (like Domestos), and this may work faster, but you need to be careful not to cause damage to either the decking or yourself.

The steps you should follow for the actual cleaning process are identical to those for the patio. Additionally:

  • Safety first. Take care to realign any planks that have become dislodged, and replace those that are warped. Badly damaged wood can make a deck unsafe, and you can worsen the problem by cleaning it with corrosive chemicals.
  • Treat your decking! Apply some decking stain to the wood to protect it from weather damage. To check if your deck needs to be stained, sprinkle it lightly with water. If the water is quickly absorbed by the wood, stain could be a good additional treatment.

Waterproofing is the process of making a structure waterproof or water resistant so that it stays unaffected to the exposure of water, wet environment and other similar conditions. There is a wide difference between waterproof and damp proof. Water proof is the resistance to the penetration of water in liquid state whereas damp proof is the resistance to moisture, humidity or dampness.

One of the main requirements of a building is that it should be dry. Water proofing can be defined in a very simple way. “It’s a process which does not allows external water to penetrate dry areas of a building and water to move out of wet areas of the building.” Water leakage not only affects the life of the building but also creates unhygienic conditions inside the building.

Implications of Water Leakage

  • Peeling of plaster or paints and formation of efflorescence
  • Corrosion of reinforcement which leads to spalling of concrete
  • Decay caused may lead to warping, buckling and rotting of timber in the building
  • Deterioration of electrical fittings
  • Growth of termites

Sources of Seepage

  • Capillary pores/differential shrinkage
  • Construction joints/honeycombs
  • Failure of water bars
  • Expansion joints
  • Form & Tie Rod holes
  • Inadequate drainage
  • Rise in water table

Capillaries / Differential Shrinkage

  • Time lag between mixing and pouring, work stoppages
  • Extreme climatic conditions – microcracks


  • Continuous capillaries are disrupted by chemical admixture – TEC MIX 150
  • Surface applied coatings to bridge hairline cracks – TEC WAVE 2000

Construction Joints / Honeycombs


  • Excessive water
  • Poor shuttering
  • Construction practice – walls / columns cast in lifts


  • Polymer mortar for V groove
  • Injection grouting

Failure of Water Bars

  • Thrust during pouring
  • Displacement during application of needle vibrator
  • Leakage


  • Epoxy bonding agent (TEC BOND EPO) -Structural bonding of old concrete with new 2 – component system – easy to apply
  • Allows 45 – 60 minutes for placing concrete

Techniques and Requirements of Water Proofing

There is a misconception that water proofing can be done with a single product. Failure in water proofing jobs is caused because of this misconception. Waterproofing is a system that has various requirements.

Study the Problem

  • Inspect the inside of the structure and pinpoint the exact location of interior leakage
  • Study the original plans and specifications
  • Determine what type of waterproofing system was used in the original construction
  • Excavation and inspection must be done in order to reliably understand the nature of the problem

A plumbing service is any service or installation done to a potable water distribution system, waste or storm drainage system or the installation of any appurtenances/fixtures that are hooked up to the aforementioned systems in a residential, commercial or industrial building.

Plumbing Service Terms

Sewer Line Jetting (A high-pressure water line not unlike a pressure washer is inserted into a sewer line breaking up a blockage. Multiple heads are installed to break up different kinds of blockage material)

Water Heater Repair and Installation – Not every water heater malfunction necessitates the need for a new water heater. A plumbing service technician should be well versed in repairs to thermocouples, burner cleaning, expansion tank replacement and T&P valve replacement. If your water heater is leaking you almost always need a replacement.

Tankless Water Heater Repair and Installation – Even though tankless water heaters have been around since the mid to late 90’s many plumbing service contractors don’t install them or aren’t comfortable installing them. Mostly because they haven’t been educated on proper installation and service needs. I’ve always liked to use contractors that are the most educated in their craft. Even if they don’t necessarily favor one product or technique at least they have the ability to articulate why they favor say a tank-type heater over a tankless heater.

Water Softener installation. (This is a real gray area in the US. Most plumbing contractors are skilled enough to install almost any water softener however this is a specialized service. Many softener installers do not have a plumbing license as this is all they do. A common practice at least in union labor environments is the softener is set in place by the softener company and the connections to the potable water and waste piping are done by a plumber.)

Water Filtration – This is another gray area of plumbing service. There are water treatment contractors in every metropolitan area that specialize in water treatment. They furnish and install water filters and water softeners and are not licensed plumbers. In the case of potable water, I like hiring contractors that are licensed in the trade. However, some of the finest water treatment companies I know are not plumbing contractors. Make sure any company you choose has a great reputation. Do your research. There are many licensed plumbing contractors that can provide water treatment options as well.

Dishwasher Hook-up – (This is another gray area in plumbing service, sometimes the appliance installer will hook up the dishwasher.)

Ice Maker Hook-up – Because you have to run small diameter water piping to the ice maker some appliance installers feel less comfortable installing so we’re calling it a plumbing service for sure.

Toilet Repair – This encompasses changing the inside of the tank type flushing mechanism, removing and resetting a toilet leak at the floor, repairing or replacing the flush handle. This can also include removing and replacing the closet flange that the toilet mounts on to. This can get tricky in older homes. Many times closet flanges especially if they are cast iron, can corrode and need to be repaired using a spanner flange or they need to be completely replaced. If the plumbing service tech removes the toilet and winces and what they see start asking questions…fast.

Lavatory, Kitchen Sink Faucet Repair – Does your plumber know how to repair the many brands available? Or do they take the easy way out and insist you need a new faucet. Many especially the major brands can be repaired. Again ask questions. If your kitchen sink or lavatory faucet is 35 years old maybe it’s time for an upgrade. Make sure your favorite plumber can do both.

Garbage Disposal Repair and Replacement – I think I’ve expressed my displeasure for garbage disposals many times on the site. It really has nothing to do with the disposal. Most are fine products built by great manufacturers. As my IT people would say this is mostly user error. I have explained to family members the hows and whys of using a garbage disposal and they still throw, chicken bones, potato peels, pasta and anything else they don’t want to throw into the actual garbage into the disposal. They do it even after having their kitchen sink rodded 5 times in a year. People don’t use enough water and they refuse to listen. So yes this is a plumbing service and it’s necessary to repair and install great product but it is as important to educate the consumer on proper use.

Shower Valve Repair and Replacement –  This is very similar to lavatory and kitchen faucet repair. Most major brands of shower valves can be repaired even if they are 20 years old. If a shower valve needs to be replaced it takes a bit more skill. You may have to open up the wall to increase the size of the valve opening so you can work effectively inside of the plumbing wall.

A leaking shower valve may require a professional if you do not have the experience. Any time that you feel unsure, it is better to book a reliable plumbing service around you than to let the problem continue or to try it yourself.

Waste and Over Flow Repair or Replacement – This is a tricky one. If you’re replacing a waste and overflow cover and gasket you can literally do it yourself. If the waste and overflow has deteriorated behind the tub you have to replace it from in the back of the tub or below the tub. What access do you have? Do you have a basement or crawlspace below the bathroom? Does the tub back up to a closet like in the picture below? If it’s just the gasket in the back of the tub you can use Blue Vue’s Leak Proof Gasket.

Pumps are the cogs in the wheel that keep your facility functioning efficiently, whether they are used for manufacturing processes, HVAC, or water treatment. To keep pumps running properly, a regular maintenance schedule should be implemented and followed.

Consult the original manufacturer’s guidelines. Consider the timing to schedule your maintenance. Will lines or pumps have to be disabled? Select a time when the system is down and use common sense when deciding the time and frequency.

    Get to know your system and make a point to observe your pump while it is still running. Make note of leaks, unusual sounds or vibrations and unusual odors.
    Make sure machines are properly shut-down before performing your maintenance and/or systems check. Proper isolation is important not only for electrical systems, but for hydraulic systems as well.
    1. Check that mounting points are secure
    2. Inspect the mechanical seal and packing
    3. Inspect the pump flanges for leaks
    4. Inspect the couplings
    5. Inspect and clean filters
    Lubricate the motor and pump bearing per manufacturer’s guidelines. Be sure not to over lubricate. More bearing damage occurs as a result of over greasing than under greasing. If the bearing has a vent cap, remove the cap and run the pump for 30 minutes before reinstalling cap. This will allow excess grease to work its way out of the bearing.
    1. Check that all terminations are tight
    2. Inspect motor vents and windings for dust/dirt build-up and clean according to manufacturer’s guidelines
    3. Inspect starter/contractor for arcing, overheating, etc.
    4. Use a megohmmeter on the windings to check for insulation failure
    If any hoses, seals, or O-rings show wear or damage, replace immediately. Using a temporary rubber assembly lubricant will ensure a tight fit and prevent leaks or slips.

Comming Soon!


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